During this period, the signatories of this agreement agreed that the total amount of their “goldleasings” and the total amount of their use of gold futures and options will not exceed the amounts in force on the date of the signing of the previous agreement. This agreement will be reviewed after five years. In addition to the destabilizing effect of these sales, market fears about central bank intentions have led to a further decline in the price of gold, which has been negative for gold producers. At the end of 2018, central banks together held about 33,200 tonnes of gold, or about one-fifth of the gold ever mined, according to the World Gold Council. These holdings mean that central banks have enormous price power in the markets. The first agreement, also known as the Washington Gold Agreement, was preceded by a sudden fluctuation in the price of gold. On 19 May 2014, the European Central Bank and 20 other European central banks announced the signing of the fourth central bank gold agreement. The agreement, which applies from 27 September 2014, has a five-year term and the signatories stated that they currently have no plans to sell large quantities of gold. For more information, click here. The first such agreement was signed in 1999, as central banks had to consider that sales of uncoordinated reserves, concentrated mainly on the rich countries of Europe and North America, were legacies of the time when currencies were linked to gold. Central banks have agreed to coordinate transactions to prevent prices from fluctuating excessively.
“The signatories note that they do not intend to sell significant amounts of gold at this time” The Gold Forward Offered Rate (GOFO) is the swap rate for a gold-to-U.S. The exchange of dollars. This is not the price to pay for gold, but the price to be exchanged for U.S. dollars. In other words, it is a course at which someone is willing to trade gold for greenback. You can imagine GOFO as an interest rate for a U.S. dollar loan guaranteed by gold as collateral. Since a swap can be considered a set of futures, the gold Forward Offered Rate is similar to Goldforward`s and can be interpreted as a difference between the US dollar rate (LIBOR) and the gold leasing rate (GLR). In CBGA2, the gold sales limit for the undersigned banks was set at 2,500 tonnes over the next five years, representing an annual ceiling of 500 tonnes. This threshold has therefore increased from the previous agreement, set at 400 tonnes/year, to 2,000 tonnes over 5 years. > Greece, which was not a member of the eurozone in 1999, had not signed the first agreement, but the second. The Washington Gold Agreement was signed on September 26, 1999 in Washington, D.C.
at the annual meeting of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), and U.S. Treasury Secretary Lawrence Summers and Federal Reserve Chairman Alan Greenspan were present.  The second version of the agreement was signed in 2004 and the agreement was renewed in 2009. The stocks and gold reserves of central banks, about 30,900 tonnes (1/5 of the world`s gold reserves) give their significant power in the gold market. As a result, several gold agreements have been concluded to limit their market weight. Western European central banks, in particular, held and held large stocks of gold in their reserves. Those in the Netherlands, Belgium, Austria, Switzerland and the United Kingdom had already sold gold or announced their intention. Others have benefited from the growing demand for borrowed gold and have intensified their use of credit, swaps and other derivatives. The increase in credit has generally led to the sale of additional gold, which means that the trend has continued to supply the market. In 2009, the agreement between 19 central banks (the current list of signatories was renewed by the Central Banks of Cyprus, Malta, Slovakia and Slovenia) was renewed for a further five years, this time with a new quota of 400 tonnes per year (the outbreak of the 2007-2008 financial crisis reduced the propensity to sell gold).